The South African Chemical and Biological Warfare Program: An Overview

The Nonproliferation Review/Fall-Winter 2000
CHANDRÉ GOULD & PETER I. FOLB

The South African Chemical and Biological
Warfare Program: An Overview
Chandré Gould is an Associate Researcher at the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town. Peter I. Folb, MD, FRCP (London), FRS (South Africa) is Professor of Pharmacology, University of Cape Town, and Director of the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Drug Policy. Both authors participated in the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s investigation into chemical and biological warfare conducted in 1997 and 1998. This research project is hosted by the Centre for Conflict Resolution in Cape Town and supported by funding from the Ford Foundation, Frederick Ebert Stiftung, and the Norwegian government.

In 1998, the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) held a public hearing into the chemical and biological warfare (CBW) program established under the auspices of the South African Defence Force (SADF) in the early 1980s. Witnesses who
gave evidence at the hearing included scientists who had staffed the chemical and biological research and production facilities of the program; the former project officer,
Dr. Wouter Basson; and the project manager and former surgeon general, Daniel (Niel) Knobel. This public hearing was a first of its kind in the world. Nowhere else had a government or military establishment been required to account openly and fully to the public for the development and daily activities of a national chemical and biological weapons program. A separate criminal trial of Dr. Basson, which is still underway as of this writing (September 2000), has produced additional information about the program.
At the TRC hearing, military documents were presented that described the nature of work that was done as well as the management of the program.
This article is based primarily on documents that were made available to the press and public during the official TRC hearings by the surgeon general of the military and others in their testimony, or have appeared as exhibits in the criminal trial of Dr. Wouter Basson. This article presents an overview of the South African CBW program as revealed
through these documents, the testimony of witnesses at the hearing and in the trial, and interviews and other research conducted by the authors during a three-year investigation.
The article begins by presenting the official reasons given for the initiation of the program, which emphasized a need to counter a perceived threat that chemical
weapons might be used against South African soldiers.
The article then describes the nature of the program and its structure. Subsequent sections then provide more detail on the military chain of command, the recruitment
of scientists, the nature of the products researched and developed, and the conduct of operations that were linked to the CBW program. The article then summarizes the

evidence revealed at the TRC of international collaboration with the program. A short analysis of the criminal trial of Basson concludes the overview.

CONTINUE READING

Published on 4 Nov 2014

Project Coast: Was the South African Apartheid regime’s secret bio-weapon’s lab, and its connection with British scientist and authority on biological warfare, David Kelly; and their secret bio-weapon’s and eugenics program. The colonial Apartheid regime’s goal was to develop GMO bio-weapons aimed toward genociding the native Black, South African populations, using weaponized Anthax, Ebola, Marburg and sterilization through toxic vaccines.
See:
http://freedomoutpost.com/2014/10/pro…
see also:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_…

Uploaded on 10 Jan 2008

7 January 2000
An examination of the chemical and biological Programme developed under the apartheid regime in the 80’s.

WHO SAYS EBOLA OUTBREAK MAY NOT BE AS BIG AS FEARED, EXPERIMENTAL VACCINE MAY NOT BE REQUIRED

Via: https://birdflu666.wordpress.com/2017/05/26/who-says-ebola-outbreak-may-not-be-as-big-as-feared-experimental-vaccine-may-not-be-required/

 

Helen Branswell
There are signs that the Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo may not be as big as was once feared, World Health Organization officials indicated Thursday.

Fourteen suspected cases have tested negative for the deadly virus, Alison Clements-Hunt, a WHO spokeswoman currently in Likati, the epicenter of the response, told STAT in an interview.

So far there have been two confirmed cases, four probable cases, and four deaths. Another 40 people are currently listed as suspected cases, said Clements-Hunt. Roughly 300 people who are contacts of known or suspected cases are being monitored to see if they develop symptoms.

Given what appears to be the limited scope of the outbreak, the use of an experimental Ebola vaccine may not be required. 

“For the time, there doesn’t seem that there was really a necessity to do so. I hope it remains the case,” Dr. Marie-Paule Kieny, a WHO assistant director-general, told STAT. 
That said, Kieny confirmed planning continues to allow for deployment of vaccine, if the government of DRC asks for it. But it may not, she acknowledged. 

https://www.statnews.com/2017/05/25/ebola-congo-update/

The current explosion of vaccine related injuries

“There appears to be a war being waged across the U.S. regarding mandatory vaccination targeted at our youngest and most vulnerable and also our healthcare and childcare workers. Now there is narrative starting to be put forward that unvaccinated adults are costing the economy billions of dollars a year. This is all based on the […]

via The current explosion of vaccine related injuries — Vaccines

Israeli Planes Spray Herbicides Inside Gaza for the Fourth Time This Year

GLOBAL RESEARCH – Israeli planes have been reported spraying herbicides over land inside the Gaza Strip on four occasions in 2017, including twice in the last two days (…) This year marks a decade since the start of Israel’s siege on the Gaza Strip. Israel controls Gaza’s airspace and territorial waters, as well as all of its land crossings […]

via Israeli Planes Spray Herbicides Inside Gaza for the Fourth Time This Year — The Ugly Truth

Israeli planes have been reported spraying herbicides over land inside the Gaza Strip on four occasions in 2017, including twice in the last two days.

Israeli planes sprayed herbicides inside the Gaza Strip for the second day running on Wednesday and the fourth time this year, according to local farmers and Israeli rights NGO Gisha. A video published on Wednesday, allegedly of the crop-dusting, shows a plane flying low and spraying over farmland.

Palestinians who reported the incident said that the planes had dusted near the Gaza border fence, and the Gaza Ministry of Agriculture is investigating the extent of the damage from the herbicides sprayed over the last two days. Around 840 acres of crops were damaged during the last round of spraying in January 2017, according to Gisha.

https://web.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fweb.facebook.com%2Fgisha.eng%2Fvideos%2F1365573953528960%2F&show_text=0&width=400

The dusting of Palestinian-owned farmland inside the Gaza Strip did not begin this year. As +972 reported at the time, Israeli planes sprayed herbicides over vegetation in Gaza for several consecutive days in December 2015, damaging over 400 acres of crops.

The IDF confirmed to +972 that it was responsible for spraying the farmland, but didn’t elaborate as to why, beyond the amorphous designation of “security operations.” A number of Palestinian farmers have since demanded compensation from the State of Israel.

Israeli planes have returned to spray herbicides numerous times since the end of 2015. The government, meanwhile, has contradicted itself over the area it claims to have targeted: despite the IDF’s confirmation to +972, and later to Gisha, that it had sprayed herbicides inside the Gaza Strip, the Israeli Ministry of Defense later claimed in a court hearing on the issue that the work had been carried out by private companies — and only on Israeli territory.

Palestinian children take pictures of each other in the no-go zone near Erez crossing, during the weekly demonstration against the occupation in Beit Hanoun, Gaza Strip, Tuesday, February 7, 2012. (Anne Paq/Activestills.org)

Palestinian children take pictures of each other in the no-go zone near Erez crossing, during the weekly demonstration against the occupation in Beit Hanoun, Gaza Strip, Tuesday, February 7, 2012. (Anne Paq/Activestills.org)

Since 2000, Israel has maintained a no-go area inside the Gaza border fence — formally referred to as the “Access-Restricted Area” (ARA) — which currently reaches 300 meters inside Gazan territory. The army enforces this buffer zone with everything from “less-lethal” weapons to live ammunition and tank fire, making it a particularly deadly stretch of land. Israeli bulldozers also reportedly enter the Gaza Strip on a regular basis to level land inside the ARA.

Farmers and scrap collectors who venture near the border are frequently targeted by Israeli sniper fire, including those who were apparently well outside the buffer zone. Most recently, a 15-year-old Palestinian, Yousef Shaaban Abu Athra, was killed when an IDF tank opened fire at him and two companions, who were wounded. The army claimed that the three had been acting suspiciously.

In addition to the land buffer zone, Israel restricts Palestinians to fishing within six nautical miles of the Gaza coast, and the navy regularly opens fire on fishermen who are deemed to have ventured further away from the shoreline.

This year marks a decade since the start of Israel’s siege on the Gaza Strip. Israel controls Gaza’s airspace and territorial waters, as well as all of its land crossings save for Rafah, which is controlled by Egypt and closed on all but the rarest of occasions. Gaza’s exports and imports are also controlled by Israel, as is the movement of people — residents and otherwise — in and out of the enclave.

At the time of writing, the IDF Spokesperson had yet to respond to a request for comment on the latest incident of crop-spraying. Should a response be received, it will be included here.

Monsanto’s Weedkiller Is Officially Most Used In History Of Chemical Agriculture [The GMO connection]

Bron: http://www.thelibertybeacon.com/monsantos-weedkiller-is-officially-most-used-in-history-of-chemical-agriculture-the-gmo-connection/

By Tami Canal

Monsanto’s best-selling herbicide is officially the most used weed-killer in the global history of chemical agriculture, according to an important paper published in the journal, Environmental Sciences Europe.

The author of the landmark paper, Charles Benbrook, PhD, emphasizes “The dramatic and rapid growth in overall use of glyphosate will likely contribute to a host of adverse environmental and public health consequences.”

Dr. Benbrook also makes the connection between glyphosate exposure and many serious health effects, including liver and kidney diseases, as well as non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

“My hope is that this paper will stimulate more research on glyphosate use, and human and environmental exposure patterns, to increase the chance that scientists will quickly detect any problems that might be triggered, or made worse by glyphosate exposure,” Benbrook notes.

The paper details that nearly 19 billion pounds (8.6 billion kilograms) of glyphosate have been used world wide since the introduction of “Roundup Ready” GMO crops in the mid-90s. In 2014 alone, enough glyphosate was sprayed to cover three-quarters of every harvested acre of cropland in the U.S.

Most shocking, 74% of all glyphosate ever sprayed has been done so in the last decade as the amount of genetically engineered crops have grown exponentially across the globe.

Glyphosate is now made generically and is used in numerous products, not just Roundup.

“This report makes it clear that the use of glyphosate combined with the dominance of genetically engineered crops has produced an looming public health threat both in the U.S. and around the world. Farmers have sprayed billions of pounds of a chemical now considered a probable human carcinogen over the past decade. Spraying has increased to multiple times a year recently on the majority of U.S. cropland. The sheer volume of use of this toxic weed-killer is a clear indication that this chemical dependency is a case of farming gone wrong,” Mary Ellen Kustin, a top-ranking policy analyst for the Environmental Working Group, stated in response to Dr. Benbrook’s research.

Kustin’s comments reflect the World Health Organization’s March 2015 declaration that glyphosate ‘probably’ causes cancer. The assessment was reached unanimously by the opinion of 17 experts from 11 different countries who convened last spring to review the carcinogenicity of glyphosate among other organophosphate pesticides.

(Monsanto promptly accused the agency of having an “agenda” and “cherry picking” the damning research.)

Monsanto’s cancer-causing weedkiller has not only contaminated a majority of the food supply, it has also been detected in childhood vaccines (there are zero safety studies on the health effects of injecting weedkiller), the umbilical cord blood of newborn babies, prenatal vitamins, the breast milk of nursing mothers, drinking water supplies, and air samples.

To read Dr. Benbrook’s paper in its entirety, please visit the Environmental Working Group by clicking here.

For more information on how to get involved in the May 20th, 2017 March Against Monsanto, please email addmymarch@gmail.com.

New York Moms Call HPV-Vaccination Law Unconstitutional

Preface by TLB Staff Writer: Christopher Wyatt

The HPV vaccine is one of the more sinister vaccines due to the fact it is unnecessary and has an unusually high number of reported adverse reactions. If this vaccine had any sort of actual merit why would they have to get a law passed so that children can go behind the backs of their parents to be injected with it?

Vaccinating children without the consent of a parent or a guardian is a reality that anti / non vaxers have to address. Instead of burning our heads in the sand and running from this fight we must face it with proactive measures. This requires going directly to the people and educating them on the seriousness of the issue.

As a movement we must find the courage to reach out to the older children who will receive this damaging vaccine and we must warn as many parents as possible. We have a moral duty to defy expectations, change tactics, and win the war for human health!

What they are doing is unspeakable and we must stand against it! (CW)

New York Moms Call HPV-Vaccination Law Unconstitutional

By Pamela Baker

UTICA, N.Y. (CN) – A new New York law that lets doctors administer the HPV vaccine to children without their parents’ consent has triggered a federal complaint from five suburban moms.

“Plaintiffs here are not intrinsically opposed to the HPV vaccine, and their children are otherwise completely vaccinated,” the March 3 complaint states. “But, they are concerned that their children may receive the vaccine without their awareness and involvement. They are concerned that if their children experience an adverse reaction to the vaccination, they may not associate the reaction with the vaccination and may not have sufficient knowledge to properly seek treatment for their children.”

New York public health law has since 1972 established the rights of minors to receive confidential sexual and reproductive health care services. The original statute says health care providers need not get consent from the parents or guardians of minor patients to treat or prescribe to them if they have either been infected with or exposed to a sexually transmitted disease.

Spread of the human papillomarvirus – a proven cause of certain cancers that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes is the most common sexually transmitted infection – inspired lawmakers to expand the scope of that law last year to cover the HPV vaccinations Gardasil and Gardasil-9.

Made by Merck, the vaccines are approved for use in women and men ages 9-26 and protect against four and nine strains of HPV, respectively. Administered to more than 46 million people since 2012, the CDC notes that clinical trials show Gardasil is 100 percent effective in preventing the strains that cause cervical cancer and 99 percent effective in preventing the strains that cause genital warts.

The New York Department of Health’s No Consent or Knowledge Rule went into effect in May 2016, inspiring Friday’s lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York.

Lina Cole and the mothers behind the complaint are all mothers of children between the ages of 11 and 16.

The 19-page complaint highlights a number of the vaccine’s side effects, including fever, nausea, and in rare cases death and seizure-like activity. Because all of their children have experienced reactions to prior vaccinations, the moms say that their children lack the “mental maturity to articulate, properly recall or associate any reaction they may suffer as a result of a vaccination.”

One of the plaintiffs, Lisa Boyle Meyer of Manhasset, says the HPV vaccine caused her 16-year-old daughter to suffer from ongoing paralysis in her legs that requires the use of a wheelchair.

Cole, Meyer and the other moms brought their complaint against New York Health Department Commissioner Howard Zucker. A representative of that agency declined to comment on the case, but noted it has not yet been served with the complaint.

The parents are seeking an injunction against the No Consent or Knowledge Rule and a determination that the law is unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment. They say they have a constitutional right to be present and have a decisionmaking role when medical procedures are being performed on their children.

Aaron Siri of the Manhattan firm Siri & Glimstad filed the complaint for the moms in Utica. Siri did not respond to an email requesting comment.

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ORIGINAL ARTICLE

TLB recommends Courthouse News Service for more pertinent articles.

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Visit Christopher Wyatt on both his FB page and personal blog

Sovereignty & International Law

Preface by TLB Staff Writer: Christopher Wyatt

The HPV vaccine is one of the more sinister vaccines due to the fact it is unnecessary and has an unusually high number of reported adverse reactions. If this vaccine had any sort of actual merit why would they have to get a law passed so that children can go behind the backs of their parents to be injected with it?

Vaccinating children without the consent of a parent or a guardian is a reality that anti / non vaxers have to address. Instead of burning our heads in the sand and running from this fight we must face it with proactive measures. This requires going directly to the people and educating them on the seriousness of the issue.

As a movement we must find the courage to reach out to the older…

View original post 630 woorden meer

Our Children Are Humanity’s Future: Is Our Latest Generation … Born To Fail?

Is Our Latest Generation … Born To Fail?

By: Roger Landry (TLB)

Our children today do not even come close to resembling what I experienced as a child three short generations ago.

Most close to my age remember walking through just about any typical American neighborhood and hearing the unavoidable sounds of children laughing, yelling and playing … you literally couldn’t avoid it. We remember looking out our windows in the morning to see many children making the trek to their local schools, running, laughing and causing harmless mischief along the way. It is hard to forget the cops and robbers, cowboy and Indian, or the war games we played for hours on end with toy guns that fired darts, pellets and even BB’s. Were there accidents … YUP, were there injuries … YUP, but we grew up to be (mostly) mentally stable, healthy and independent adults.

So what the hell has happened in three short generations?

If the alarm bells going off concerning our children today are not deafening you … your may be beyond this article to reach …

YEA it is that freaking bad!

Here are just a few easy to find general statistics concerning this last born generation …

  1. This generation suffers the highest level of Autism, ADHD, ADD, Diabetes, Food Allergies, Cancers, Autoimmune Disorders, etc…, of any generation ever born, making them the most chronically ill (sickest) generation ever born. Due to the above researchers are now stating that this generation with be the first generation in history to have a shorter lifespan (on average) than their parents!
  2. This generation is tied to electronic devices such as computers, smart phones, tablets, smart TV’s, etc…, from the time they are old enough to comprehend the functions and operation of these devices, making this the most physically isolated generation ever. Instant satisfaction or gratification supplants the need or want for physical and social interactions which may often lead to conflict or disappointment.
  3. This generation suffers the age of Common Core education where a group of corporatists (not educators) designed a system of education to make all our children “common”. When the hard work of excelling brings you no more recognition than those who care so little to as to even try … the drive to excel is assassinated or pronounced D.O.A. (dead on arrival).
  4. This generation is in danger by over-exposure  to the most politically correct, easily influenced, crybaby, self-centered generation ever born … the Millennials. Colleges today have puppy and playdough rooms where those who are triggered can retreat for self therapy and comforting isolation. These Millennials are the new parents or influencing parties (mentors) to this new generation.

 

So what is the takeaway point here …

The future of humanity is our children, this is not a maybe but indeed a cold hard statement of fact.

Over the last three generations (since the birth of the Baby Boomer generation) we have witnessed with each succeeding generation, a steady and geometric increase in health related issues, as well as a definite increasing lack of independence, lack of social skills, lack of tolerance, lack of emotional stability (over 20% of all youth in America are on psychotropic or psychiatric drugs today), lack of preparedness to face the real world, etc…

As America moves forward it is not callous or far reaching to state …

WE ARE IN TROUBLE!

If you/we are looking for someone to blame, do not blame these children because as with each succeeding generation, they are a product of their upbringing and all we as parents or grandparents have exposed them to, or allowed then to get away with as each succeeding generation continues to push the envelopes across the spectrum. No do not blame the children … look in the mirror and stare into the eyes of the guilty.

Over protecting, over reacting, under focused, guilt ridden parents, who basically (not all) ignore their children as they watch them slide off into an instantly gratifying electronic media world … the ultimate baby sitter as mom and dad either have to work two jobs or more, or really just are not (via their own upbringing) interested in constantly entertaining or mentoring Junior. And when they are called to task by an outside authority the attempt is made to make up for all the (self justified) neglect in one massive reaction. Today this is not the exception … but much closer to the norm as has been the progressing case with each advancing generation.

So the question that begs answering is …

Is Out Latest Generation … Born To Fail?

What I present you with now is just one such reason why so much of what is stated above exists.

 

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Of Nerf Guns and Eye Injuries

“Nerf gun” not “Nerve gas.”

The temporary injury of a girl whose brother hit her in the eye with a foam Nerf gun dart has made the news, at least in the Daily Mail. Love or loathe them, the fact that they ran a large article and four pictures on this one incident (and remember “incident” is the word we use when nothing much really happened), is a perfect example of the way we look at childhood.

It is always through the lens of what could go tragically wrong, and what we can do to prevent that rare problem from ever happening again. Here you go:

Is your child’s Nerf gun safe? Foam dart from the popular toy leaves girl, 9, hospitalised with a bleed in her eye

EXCLUSIVE: Abigail Earnshaw was hit in the eye by a foam dart from a Nerf gun

It immediately caused a dark patch of blood to slowly form across half of her eye

Luckily the youngster recovered fully and has been left with no lasting issues

But experts warn the popular toys could cause someone to go blind in the future

“Experts warn” has got to be one of the main reasons we don’t let our kids do anything these days. What are they saying here? The fact that something hitting someone in the eye COULD cause blindness? Of course it could. But no where does the article mention this fact, which I found on Thrillist:

Over 445,277,777 darts are made per year

Enough NERF darts have been sold in the past five years alone to circle the earth four times. Some complete nut did the math and found the staggering, complete number of darts NERF has ever made. 4,007,500,000 since the dawn of darts. Wow.

So rather than saying, “Parents, relax! This outrageously popular toy gets kids playing, interacting, and running around,” it found the one in a half-billion time a girl got a temporary eye injury.

That is what parents are up against: A reality-warping view that sees any childhood activity as too dangerous to allow. Is your child’s Nerf gun safe? Is your child’s walk to school safe? Is your child’s ___________ safe? I’ve seen articles on everything from sippy cups to stuffed animals: Are they safe enough?

Hell no! Take more elaborate, expensive, time-consuming, childhood-stifling precautions immediately!

We didn’t get our sons Nerf guns until we saw with our own somehow spared-from-foam-dart-blindness eyes how much fun they had playing with them at their friend’s place. After that, our home became an arsenal.

This doesn’t seem to have made our kids any more violent and they still have both eyeballs. Actually, four eyeballs, between the two of them, knock wood (cautiously, after donning a baseball glove,oven mitt or other hand protection).

The above attached article (Of Nerf Guns and Eye Injuries) originated on Free-Range Kids and is republished here under “Fair Use” (see disclaimer below) with attribution to author Lenore Skenazy and Free-Range Kids

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TLB: It has taken us three generations to create the perfect storm of destruction for our children’s future on so many levels, but if we truly care about their future, and thus by default the actual future of humanity itself, then consider this … It is still us who have the most influence in this youngest generations life and …

It is not too late for Damage Control !!!

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Roger LandryAbout the Author: Roger Landry (TLB) spent about three decades of his adult life either in, or working for the military, with about two decades working directly for the Military Industrial Complex facilitating DOD contracts. His awakening to Political, Economic, and Health realities was less than seven short years ago. Since that time he has founded The Liberty Beacon Project (TLB) consisting of over a dozen proprietary global websites, media projects such as TLBTV, and partner websites across the planet. He contributes regularly to multiple forums both in and outside of TLB Project. Most of his work can be found on the TLB Flagship website TheLibertyBeacon.com

The views expressed here belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect our views and opinions.

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